Saturday, June 20, 2020
Mayer's Challenges at Yahoo! Inc. (Research Paper Sample) Content: Case Study: Mayers Challenges at Yahoo! Inc. Name:Course:Instructor:Institution:Date of SubmissionCase Study: Mayers Challenges at Yahoo! Inc.Synopsis The case involves the newly appointed CEO, Marissa Mayer, at Yahoo! Inc. She has sent mails to her employees exhorting them to continue working hard and keeping up their spirits, despite the many challenges that the Company faces. As honest as she seems, the e-mail indicates to the company employees that despite the CEO being pregnant and expecting her first child soon, she was still working hard until the late hours. Prior to that, the CEO had been scheduled to meet her bosses in Sunnyvale, California to present her strategy, which could, hopefully, turn the Company around. Notably, too, in the recent months, the Yahoo Inc.s Board had been reconstituted to admit three members who represented one of the most outspoken shareholders. His outspokenness in the press had led the companys previous CE O to resign in very embarrassing circumstances. Moreover, the company has faced a lot of challenges to the point of facing out its investment in the Chinese internet company of Alibaba. It should also be noted that Mayer does not have any managerial experience of the CEO, and in fact, she has been the twentieth person among those hired in the Google Company.Findings By taking the SWOT factors, financial factors included for analysis, the study will be able to gain deeper understanding of the companys managerial, human resources, financial, production and differentiation, marketing and technology aspects. The aspects are very important in determining if the company will not achieve its sales and marketing, customer service, human resource and therefore financial objectives. Yahoos SWOT Analysis SummaryStrengthsWeaknesses Easy and simple interface to useFast and much relevant search engine for customersMany products that are well integratedIts brands are recognised by over 350 million usersThe company claims that it attracts over a half a billion customers every monthIts products do not have self customisation featuresIt is losing market value to GoogleMost of its products such as news, mail services, financial data, shopping and business directory are provided by many players like Facebook, MSN and Google.Some of the services the company provides are unknown to most internet users.OpportunitiesThreatsEmerging market spaces in emerging economiesPartnering with other firms has enabled it to widen its marketing spaceIt can make ads for businesses that do not have online presence.It has a huge potential to combine its services with those of other companies like FlickrThe number of mobile phone users in developing world is constantly increasing.Increasing competitions in local marketsGoogles strong presence is making Yahoo search engine services to declineDue to high innovations, new entrepreneur s are likely to outdo YahooThe advertising business that it has dominated is continuously being taken over by Social sites such as Facebook. Financial Standings SummaryCOMPANY OVERALL PERFORMANCES (Yahoo, 2014b)OVERALL 2014 Beta1.01Market Cap (Mil)$ 43,265.27FINANCIALS 2014YahooIndustrySectorP/E (TTM):5.7235.7716.57EPS (TTM):7.61______ROI:19.6516.3316.89ROE31.3120.7317.49Net Income from 2004-12 to 2013-122004 200520062007200820092010201120122013Net Income (US Mil Dollar)839.61,877.4731.6639.2418.95981,231.71,048.833,945.481,366.28Source: Yahoo! Inc. (2014a)Strengths One of the best positive attributes that the new CEO has is relevant package of experience that the company desires. She has been the head of innovation in search at Google for many years, and therefore she is much presumed knowledgeable in what internet users want to do while online; it will be easy for her to make it possible for them (Carlson, 2012). In th is regard, analysts note that she is likely to borrow the experience from Google having been one of its top executives. At her points too, having been from a bigger company with such screening capabilities, she may have known the vantage points of Facebook, Amazon, Google and Apple (Carlson, 2012). The new CEO has led to the improved performance of the company as it can be witnessed above in the financials. The volume of the publicly traded shares has been increasing steadily. This has been one of her reversals at the company. Its share price is now closing averagely at $27.34, from $15.65 when she took over. Otherwise, the general performance suggests that the companys Beta is slightly above 1, an indication that it can slightly do better in the long run, despite the market/ sector volatility (Myatt, 2013; Sterling, 2014). Despite being already a widely known company, as the users are increasing, it is likely to be perceived as one of the most powerful on the market. Moreover, if it continues offering various services such as such as yahoo finance, search engine, web portal, yahoo mail, yahoo answers, yahoo directory among others, there is no doubt that the company could increase revenues. Its product portfolio now include yahoo mail, yahoo messenger, yahoo personal, Delicious, yahoo 360, yahoo Buzz, yahoo shopping, yahoo Mobile, yahoo real estate, yahoo boss, yahoo next, Y! Connect yahoo meme and so forth, which the CEO can easily benefit. Nonetheless, as the CEO has revamped the new interfaces of the web pages, it is expected that customers could double, which will obviously increase the revenue of the company, especially from mail.WeaknessesIts market share in search services has deteriorated as they only accounting for 6% of the whole share. Google has taken up about 83% of the total market share, while Baidu and Bing account for 6% and 4% respectively. Moreover, the company faces a reduced market share in the sense that competitors such as MSN, CNN, M oney Control and E-bay offer similar products such as shopping, news, services, data and business directory services, mail services among others. In overall the companys history of financial performance shows that it is still not performing well Nonetheless, its services are still not known well (Sterling, 2014). The first challenge the new CEO faces is working to provide exactly the right direction according to what shareholders think Yahoo should go but she lacks any experience of a CEO. People are also asking themselves about whether she has what it takes to represent a publicly traded company in the eyes of the public or not. Nonetheless, some analysts are also questioning her on the marketing experience that the company executives seriously need (Tsukayama, 2012). The other problem is that the Yahoo Board is now filled with very outspoken people who do not fear to air grievances about the Company in the media/ public. Daniel Loeb, an activist investor, is now a board member, a nd as it is expected, together with others like Michael J. Wolf and Harry J. Wilson, he will never let any wind of discrepancy to go (Tsukayama, 2012). The Media has been depicting Yahoo in the public, as the Company that lacks good reputation in the eyes of consumers. Some security companies have been complaining about their data bases with the Company being hacked (Tsukayama, 2012; Myatt, 2013). Currently, although the CEO has given birth, she is facing the test to balance between her job and home life (Tsukayama, 2012). The other problem is unstable Partnerships. As some of the Companys revenue streams are derived from partnerships with telecommunication companies such as AOL, Yahoo can be in jeopardy if they decide to change the channel or if they collapse (Tsukayama, 2012).OpportunitiesThe company can enjoys from the increasing market space in developing countries due to increasing affordability of mobile phones. In this regard, it is now well known with over 700 million users worldwide who can be more effective in connecting to each other through smart phones and other mobile devices (Carlson, 2012). The CEO has also orchestrated the purchase of Internet blogging services such as Tumblr and Flickr photo services, and redesigned and upgraded some of the photo services in a bid to increase the revenue of the company. Accompanied with this in the same direction has been the companys general increase in net revenues as it can be seen above. Mayer is now focused on redesigning the Companys home page, and it is appearing to win over many Web surfers. With its social media, it will be essential to tap advertising services of many firms that are making their ways on the internet. The company has a huge potential of combining its service offerings with those of other companies such as Flickr and AON. It can also focus on diversification of its space on the internet space.Threats There are increasing competitions in most local markets especially in China where co mpanies such as Baidu are holding feet. If it has ambitions of expanding in foreign markets, the CEO is challenged to make sure that it does not fail the test of foreign cultures. Nonetheless, emerging internet-based entrepreneurs are coming up with superior innovation that may outshine the companys quality of products. Since social marketing is attracting many companies, the CEO should be prepared to produce services that are superior to those Myspace and Facebook.OptionsOption 1: Maintaining the Status-quoDescriptionCostsThis will require continuing with the existing management systems and processes.Current costs are likely to increase and therefore revenues are likely to growRisksBarriersFinancial results could ...
Tuesday, May 26, 2020
The Perfect Beauty A certain individual may establish beauty merely by what is viewed upon the naked eye, yet someone else can measure beauty by using more fundamental qualities, such as good morals and ideas, which lie beneath oneÃ¢â¬â¢s surface. This is a topic of discussion that leaves many to ask the question, what is the true meaning of beauty? There are two prominent sonnets, which relate to the principles of true beauty; PetrarchÃ¢â¬â¢s Ã¢â¬Å"Gli Occhi Oi ChÃ¢â¬â¢ Io ParalaiÃ¢â¬ and Ã¢â¬Å"Sonnet 130Ã¢â¬ by William Shakespeare. These sonnets do nothing less, but use imagery to define the bountiful amount of beauty and how much love they possess for an individual. Ã¢â¬Å"Gli Occhi Oi ChÃ¢â¬â¢ Io Paralai,Ã¢â¬ represents the true beauty love has by its use of excessive descriptions and tone. Ã¢â¬Å"Sonnet 130Ã¢â¬ proves that beauty is not measured by idealistic, regal measures, but rather proposes beauty is average and nothing out of the ordinary. For each sonnet effectively de scribes its interpretations on the joys of beauty and love. Ã¢â¬Å"Gli Occhi Di ChÃ¢â¬â¢ Io ParlaiÃ¢â¬ praises the artificial traits of beauty and love. Petrarch often put women on pedestals and describes them with hyperbolic language. His sonnet, Ã¢â¬Å"Gli Occhi Di ChÃ¢â¬â¢ Io Parlai,Ã¢â¬ is no exception to his trend. The speaker starts off the sonnet by recounting the feeling he gets when around his love. The speaker says when their eyes meet his Ã¢â¬Å"passionate rapture roseÃ¢â¬ (1). He also illustrates her having Ã¢â¬Å"rays flashing from a smiling angels glanceÃ¢â¬ (6), which he is for
Monday, May 18, 2020
In order to fully understand the first unit of American Studies I am going to orchestrate a class in which we explore the major themes and perform exercises to enhance the understanding of everyone in the class. This class will be titled, Ã¢â¬Å"Stories: Their Influence and Power.Ã¢â¬ This class will focus on how stories have the abilities to change peopleÃ¢â¬â¢s lives, and will especially focus on the context of stories in the lives of Native Americans. This class is extremely important because it will give students insight into not only Native stories, but into their own stories and how their lives have been impacted by them. This class will focus around excerpts from the book by Thomas King, The Truth About Stories, and circulate around two mainÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦One simple story turned him into a star basketball player, one could also argue a psychopath as well, but we will stick to star basketball player. In order to explore this further I am going to have my st udents perform an activity. I am going to ask each student to think about a time in which someone made something up about them, and how that impacted their life. Or if they have ever made up a story about someone else and how they think that impacted the other personÃ¢â¬â¢s life. We will then hold class discussion on how a single story, whether true or not, can change the portrayal of a person. The second story we will analyze in The Truth About Stories is going to be quintessential to this course and will inhabit a great deal of the time. We are going to look even deeper into the power of stories and turn it into something personal for the students. We will start by reading the story about Thomas and his son moving from Utah to Canada, which is located on page 99. This is a very short story but it packs a great deal of punch. Thomas is forced to move for a job, and inherently his nine-year old son has to come with him. They get caught in a big storm and the son ends up reminding his dad that the whole entire this was ThomasÃ¢â¬â¢ idea. I am going to follow in Professor RichotteÃ¢â¬â¢s lead and put a great deal of emphasis on the son, as he did in lecture. I will stress that this was aShow MoreRelatedMetz Film Language a Semiotics of the Cinema PDF100902 Words Ã |Ã 316 Pagesof the American National Standard for Information Sciences-Permanence of Paper for Printed Library Materials, ANSI Z39.48-1992. To George Blin, Profesor at the CollÃ ¨ge de France, whithout whom none of these pages would have been started. CONTENTS A Note on the Translation by Bertrand Augst, ix Preface, xi A Note on Terminology, xiii I Phenomenological Approaches to Film Chapter I. On the Impression of Reality in the Cinema, 3 Chapter 2. Notes Toward a Phenomenology of the Narrative, 16 IIRead MoreIgbo Dictionary129408 Words Ã |Ã 518 Pageson a Western Igbo dialect. Northcote W. Thomas devoted four of the six volumes of his Anthropological report on the Ibo-speaking peoples of Nigeria to language, three of them being essentially lexicographic. Part II (1913) consists of an English-Ibo and Ibo-English dictionary, based on the Awka and OnitÃ¯â¬ ¬sha dialects. It has a rather complex and non-phonemic transcription of the vowels; tone is partially marked. Part III (1913) consists of Proverbs, narratives, vocabularies and Grammar, the vocabulariesRead MoreProject Mgmt296381 Words Ã |Ã 1186 Pages(alk. paper) ISBN-10: 0-07-340334-2 (alk. paper) 1. Project management. 2. Time management. 3. Risk management. I. Gray, Clifford F. II. Gray, Clifford F. Project management. III. Title. HD69.P75G72 2011 658.4904Ã¢â¬âdc22 2009054318 www.mhhe.com About the Authors Erik W. Larson ERIK W. LARSON is professor of project management at the College of Business, Oregon State University. He teaches executive, graduate, and undergraduate courses on project management, organizational behavior, and leadershipRead MoreStephen P. Robbins Timothy A. Judge (2011) Organizational Behaviour 15th Edition New Jersey: Prentice Hall393164 Words Ã |Ã 1573 PagesEnvironment 22 Ã¢â¬ ¢ Improving Ethical Behavior 22 Coming Attractions: Developing an OB Model 23 An Overview 23 Ã¢â¬ ¢ Inputs 24 Ã¢â¬ ¢ Processes 25 Ã¢â¬ ¢ Outcomes 25 Summary and Implications for Managers 30 S A L Self-Assessment Library How Much Do I Know About Organizational Behavior? 4 Myth or Science? Ã¢â¬Å"Most Acts of Workplace Bullying Are Men Attacking WomenÃ¢â¬ 12 An Ethical Choice Can You Learn from Failure? 24 glOBalization! Does National Culture Affect Organizational Practices? 30 Point/Counterpoint LostRead MoreFundamentals of Hrm263904 Words Ã |Ã 1056 PagesTraining and Development 41 Compensation and Benefits 42 Employee Relations 42 vi Contents Top Management Commitment 43 Effective Upward Communication 43 Determining What to Communicate 44 Allowing for Feedback 44 Information Sources 44 The Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 62 The Civil Rights Act of 1991 63 The Family and Medical Leave Act of 1993 63 Uniformed Services Employment and Reemployment Rights Act of 1994 64 Relevant Executive Orders 64 vii WORKPLACE ISSUES: HRM Certification
Friday, May 15, 2020
In English grammar, a conditional clause is a type of adverbial clause that states a hypothesis or condition, real (factual) or imagined (counterfactual). A sentence containing one or more conditional clauses and a main clause (which expresses the result of the condition) is called a conditional sentenceÃ (also known as a conditional construction). A conditional clause is most often introduced by the subordinating conjunction if. Other conditional subordinators include unless, even if, provided that,Ã on condition that, as long as, andÃ in the case of. (Note that unless functions as a negative subordinator.) Conditional clauses tend to come at the beginning of complex sentences, but (like other adverbial clauses) they may also come at the end.Ã Examples and Observations If we had no winter, the spring would not be so pleasant; if we did not sometimes taste of adversity, prosperity would not be so welcome. (Anne Bradstreet, Meditations Divine and Moral)Romans park their cars the way I would park if I had just spilled a beaker of hydrochloric acid on my lap. (Bill Bryson,Ã Neither Here Nor There: Travels in Europe. William Morrow, 1992)Even if it snows, even if there is a tornado, nothing will put off this expedition. (J.F. Powers, Death of a Favorite, 1951)After that first taste of the sandal in the dining room, I foolishly believed I would be safe as long as I stayed away from the table. (Adrienne Kress,Ã AlexÃ . Weinstein Books, 2007)andÃ the Ironic GentlemanIf you can keep your head when all about youAre losing theirs and blaming it on you,If you can trust yourself when all men doubt you,But make allowance for their doubting too;If you can wait and not be tired by waiting,Or being lied about, dont deal in lies,Or being hated, dont give wa y to hating,And yet dont look too good, nor talk too wise...(The first stanza of Rudyard Kiplings IfÃ¢â¬â, 1895) What Are 'Conditions'? Conditions deal with imagined situations: some are possible, some are unlikely, some are impossible. The speaker/writer imagines that something can or cannot happen or have happened, and then compares that situation with possible consequences or outcomes, or offers further logical conclusions about the situation. (R. Carter,Ã Cambridge Grammar of English. Cambridge University Press, 2006) Stylistic Advice: Positioning Conditional Clauses Conditional clauses have traditionally been placed at the beginning of a sentence, but you should feel free to place a conditional clause elsewhere if doing so would make the provision easier to read. The longer the conditional clause, the more likely it is that the provision would be more readable with the matrix clause rather than the conditional clause at the front of the sentence. If both the conditional clause and the matrix clause contain more than one element, you would likely be better off expressing them as two sentences. (Kenneth A. Adams,Ã A Manual of Style for Contract Drafting. American Bar Association, 2004) Types of Conditional Clauses There are six main types of conditional sentence: For example, the equilibrium between liquid and vapor is upset if the temperature is increased.(General rule, or law of nature: it always happens.)If you start thinking about this game, it will drive you crazy.(Open future condition: it may or may not happen.)But if you really wanted to be on Malibu Beach, youd be there.(Unlikely future condition: it probably wont happen.)If I were you, I would go to the conference center itself and ask to see someone in security.(Impossible future condition: it could never happen.)I would have resigned if they had made the decision themselves, she said.(Impossible past condition: it didnt happen.)If he had been working for three days and three nights then it was in the suit he was wearing now.(Unknown past condition: we dont know the facts.) (John Seely,Ã Grammar for Teachers. Oxpecker, 2007)
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
South Portland Community College (SPCC) is located in the primarily White state of Maine. Southern Maine is more racially diverse than the rest of Maine, but still has only a 15% non-White population. Of the over 6,000 students enrolled at SPCC, less than 20% identify as non-White, and just 6% are Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Trans*, Queer (LGBTQ+) identified. To address the diverse needs of these traditionally marginalized student populations on campus, over the last several decades SPCC administrators, faculty, and students created the Office of Multicultural Student Life (OMSL) and the Spectrum Center for Gender and Sexual Diversity (the Spectrum Center). The Office of Multicultural Student Life (OMSL) provides a space for racially and ethnically marginalized students to meet and create community. The OMSL, led by Director Tom Haverford, organizes events to celebrate studentsÃ¢â¬â¢ diverse cultures in a way that educates others in the community. The office provides a common area with couches and tables intended to facilitate discussions between students, staff, and faculty who spend time in the office. Director Haverford collaborates with other groups and offices on campus to organize larger events including dance festivals, poetry nights dedicated to celebrating diversity, cultural potlucks featuring ethnically diverse meals made by students, and a weekly coffee hour in the OMSL common area lounge. The Spectrum Center for Gender and Sexual Diversity, led by LGBTQ+ Services
Grandparents Raising Grandchildren 1 Tesia Echaves CHLD 112 April 6, 2016 Grandparents Raising Grandchildren In The United States Grandparents Raising Grandchildren 2 Paola Scommegna is a senior writer/editor at the Population Reference Bureau.http://www.prb.org/Publications/Articles/2012/US-children-grandparents.aspx. In this article Bureau states that in March 2012 the growing number of children in the United States are living with a grandparent. In 2010, about one in fourteen U.S. children (7 percent) lived in a household headed by a grandparent for a total of 4.7 million children, up from 5.4 million in 2005. In fact, over the past 40 years, the share of U.S. children living in a grandparent s household hasÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦In most cases, grandparents never anticipated the need to raise their grandchildren, and they are often ill-prepared to care for one or more children. Unlike traditional foster parents, many grandparent caregivers who informally assume responsibility for their grandchildren are offered no training to raise traumatized children, and receive limited financial assistance to meet their grandchildrenÃ¢â¬â¢s basic needs. Regardless of these challenges, many take on the parenting role valiantly, but grandparent caregivers may be financially poor and have little exper ience navigating bureaucratic systems for specialized services. Ultimately, the grandchildren are at risk for not receiving adequate supports for positive growth and development. The number of grandparents serving as primary caregivers for their grandchildren has increased nationally in the past twenty years, but the phenomenon is most prevalent in the southern region of the nation. Harleena Singh May 25th, 2012. 2010-2015 Aha!Now. A life blog and community powered by WordPress theme from ThemeForest. http://www.aha-now.com/what-challenges-grandparents-raising-grandchildren-face/ Often timeÃ¢â¬â¢s grandparents raising grandchildren face many challenges that are not easy for them to deal with. However, grandparents raise their grandkids willingly and happily
Question: Discuss about the Report for Ethics of ArthroCare Corporation. Answer: Part 1: Description The report portrays a case of ethical dilemma that I had to face in the workplace. In 2004, I joined the Arthrocare Corporation and started work as a management trainee. After my joining, a situation of ethical dilemma occurred within the organization. I noticed that the CEO (Michael Baker Former) and CFO (Michael Gluk former) of ArthroCare Corporation were involved in fraud of massive fraud scheme that is popular in business circles as channel stuffing. Baker and Gluk both were abusing their position of trust to enrich themselves illegally. The fraud scheme adopted by the CEO and CFO of the firm was dangerous to the employees, shareholders and investors of the firm. In this fraud scheme, at the end of each quarter, they replace millions of unnecessary medical devices with distributors in order to represent the false financial statement of ArthroCares (Calkins and Ratcliffe, 2014). Moreover, the distributors were also agreed to stock these extra medical devices because the company ma de it profitable to do so. At the same time, the company was also provided fees or generous terms to pay of distributors those were taking extra medical devices. At the same time, ArthroCare was also provided return options to distributors at no cost term if they did not able to sell medical devices. This long-running fraud scheme and misrepresentation sales contributed into the significant growth of ArthroCare that ascended its stock price (The Federal Bureau of Investigation, 2014). Baker and Gluk also provided false information about the stock to investors and market analysts of the firm. The CEO (Baker) of the company was plowing a big hole to maintain the stocks at inflated price that may show the false financial statement of ArthroCares. Moreover, in July 2008, the fraud was getting too big and it is out of control, so the corporation declared that it would repeat previous reported financial statements as an internal investigation of results. As a result, the price of shares dropped sharply that result immediately loss of more than $400 million shareholders value, but the actual total losses of more than $750 million (Calkins and Ratcliffe, 2014). This situation influenced the employees, investors, shareholders, banks and so on those were related to the firm. Moreover, it also broke the trust of the people who have a big faith in the firm. It was very shameful for me that I was working with such type of organization. At the same time, in 2011, the FBI opened a case on both Baker and Gluk. FBI investigated thousands of paper, electronic records, and documents over the next three years to find out the actual loss of investors or shareholders. Moreover, the FBIs San Antonio Field Office took interview of distributors, investors, and other individuals to find out the evidences. After a four-week trial, in June 2014, a federal jury convicted to Baker and Gluk. Furthermore, the Federal jury gave 20 years and 10 years prison as well as fine of $1 million and $50,000, respectively (The Federal Bureau of Investigation, 2014). I will rate 1 because of I am agree and also happy with the decision of the Jury. Part 2: Analysis There are numerous ethical theories that are used in todays business organizations to resolve the situation related to an ethical dilemma. For case, egoism, utilitarianism, and deontology are the important ethical theories that are helpful for the organizations in order to solve a situation of ethical dilemma in an effective and a more comprehensive manner. Apart from this, these ethical theories also play a major role to reduce the conflicts among the members of the firm. Moreover, these ethical theories also motivate all the people of an organization to perform all the business activities in an ethical manner. They should take care of ethics and morals to do all the business activities properly. The main theories of ethics are discussed as below: Egoism: Ethical egoism refers as a normative theory. As for a little while back illustrated, it recommends, favors, praises a specific sort of movement or motivation, and dishonors a substitute kind of motivation. It has two adjustments: individual moral selfishness and in addition all inclusive moral vanity. Pride logic depicts good and bad as far as the impacts to self. A braggart rationality would measure a moral issues or situation as far as how various types of activity or business choice would influence self-enthusiasm of the business (Reidenbach and Robin, 2013). This reasoning suggests that the business moral commitment is to make a benefit with take after the law. Psychological egoism is as much a hypothesis about who we are as individuals as it is a hypothesis of how we should act. It is an endeavor to give one basic clarification of human inspiration and conduct. Mental Egoism is the hypothesis that each human activity is roused without anyone else interest. This hypothesis expressed that the ethically right activity is the one that creates the greatest equalization of good over malevolence for oneself (sterberg, 2012). What's more, mental pride sees that the rationale in every one of our activities is self-interest. Moral vanity is not synonymous with narrow-mindedness or liberality. In this case, Michael Baker former CEO and Michael Gluk former CFO of ArthroCare Corporation were sentenced to 20 years as well as 10 years in prison, respectively for crime related to massive fraud scheme that cost $750 million losses of shareholders. ArthroCare Corporation both former top executives were declared criminal or fraud person in behalf of they was included in wire fraud and securities fraud that impacted on the shareholders money (Dwell, 2013). So, on the basis of this case summary and psychological Egoism theory application, ethical dilemma is identified, due to the unethical behavior of the CEO and CFO of Arthrocare Corporation. Moreover, Baker and Gluk both was only the responsible person of this ethical dilemma, so the jury of the court punished both of them for this corporate fraud (Smith, 2008). In Psychological Egoism, both top executives were misused its title or position and has not provided correct financial information of the investors, so it is unethical behavior of the business aspects. According to Psychological Egoism theory, not only the CEO and CFO of the company, but also the internal and external auditors were responsible for corporate fraud and losses of investors. In the case of internal and external auditors has been performed their roles and duties in ethically and effectively then the CEO and CFO were not able to do fraud with stakeholders (Broad, 2014). If the internal and external auditors has been performed their roles and duties in proper way then they would have protected the investors from the CEO and CFO fraud through identify this fraud and misstatement of financial data or information. Moreover, it indicated the shortfall on internal or external auditors in this case that contributed into the corporate fraud and misleading of investors by executives Baker and GluK. Utilitarianism: Utilitarianism is an ethical system or a moral theory. In addition to this, the main objective of utilitarianism is to generate the greatest amount of delight to the highest amount of people (Dion, 2012). Moreover, it believes that the most ethical thing to carry out is to maximize the happiness within a society. Utilitarians accept that activities have measurable results and that moral decisions have conclusions which prompt the most joy to the most parts of a society. On the other hand, Utilitarianism is frequently considered a "consequentialist" philosophical standpoint on the grounds that it both accepts that conclusions can be anticipated and on the grounds that it judges activities focused around their results. For this reason, utilitarianism is frequently connected with the expression 'the ends justify the means (Ismail, 2012). At the same time, during the investigation and trial, it is found that this fraud scheme of ArthroCares deep-reaching and irreparable harm to thousands of victims. The FBIs San Antonio Field Office mentioned in this investigation report that thousands of victims will never recover their money those they loosed due to the misleading or misinformed of Baker and Gluk. Special agent Tom Hetrick, of the San Antonio Division that worked in investigation also mentioned that the CEO and CFO would not behave ethically, legally, and misused its title or position that harm many victims, so this kinds of corporate fraud is not acceptable at any situation (Reinstein and Leibowitz, 2014). So, on the basis of Utilitarianism theory, ethical dilemma is identified, due to the unethical behavior of the CEO and CFO of Arthrocare Corporation. Moreover, Baker and Gluk both was only the responsible person of this ethical dilemma, so the jury of the court punished both of them for this corporate fraud (Goza, 2013). In addition, both top executives were misused its title or position and has not provided correct financial information of the investors, so it is unethical behavior of the business aspects. According to utilitarianism theory, investigators and the court jury also found that the CEO and CFO did not behaved legally, ethically, as well as misused its title or position, so they were responsible for this corporate fraud, so that the jury punished both of them. Moreover, the CEO and CFO did not provided correct information or mislead with investors and market analysts as well as they have not faced any guilty of their unethical behavior that indicates the ethical dilemma situation in this case (Knipe and Bitter, 2011). Baker and Gluk have not properly or ethically fulfilled their responsibilities and duties that represent the ethical dilemma situation. Deontology: Deontology is an ethical system that generally ascribed to the idealistic custom of Kant. For instance, the utilitarianism ethical theory concentrates on ends of activities, deontology describe that the activities, or means should be moral. Along with this, Deontologists contend that there are inspirational moral standards as well as truths that are generally appropriate to individuals (Dunn, 2015). Deontology describes that a few activities are indecent paying little heed to their conclusions; these activities aren't right all by themselves. On the other hand, Kant provides a categorical imperative to do something ethically. Moreover, Kant accepts that all individuals reach moral decisions about good and bad focused around sane thought. Deontology is generally connected with the adage 'the means must justify the ends. Along with this, deontological morals hypothesis has three imperative qualities. Initially, obligation ought to be finished for the purpose of obligation (Lin, Pizzini, Vargus and Bardhan, 2011). Second, people ought to be dealt with as substance of intrinsic good esteem; and third, an ethical guideline is an unequivocal basic that is universalizable. On the basis of deontology theory, in this case, internal auditors were also responsible for this corporate fraud because without their approval of financial statements and financial information the company has not produced them publicly. At the same time, internal auditors have neglected or not considered massive fraud scheme as well as they has not performed properly their duties to identify the weakness or misinformation in fiscal statements that indicates shortfall of on internal auditors. According to deontology theory, external auditors also have not behaved ethically and not able to identify fraud or error in the company (Shaw, 2016). So, in this case, internal or external auditors shortfall or weakness identified because they was not able to identify fraud of executives or error in financial statements. On the basis of deontology theory, in this case, mainly the investors or creditors have been impacted on the Arthrocares fraud. This corporate fraud mainly impacted on the stakeholders or investors as they faced losses of their money or returns due to the rapidly decline in the companys share value as results of corporate fraud. Arthrocares fraud or actions caused harm to thousands of victims and these victims will never recover their financial loses. The deontology theory indicated that this corporation fraud not only impacted on their shareholders, but also impacts on other companies stakeholders as they loosed their trust on public companies or stock market (Hackett, 2009). The deontology theory expressed that this fraud impacted on the overall share market growth and trust of investors on market that also affected on the growth of the economy and local government taxes or revenues. Part C: Reflection On the basis of the ethical dilemma case that is given in the part one of this paper, I come to know that there were a lot of internal weaknesses within the organization. In this case, it is clear that both CEO (Michael Baker former) and CFO (Michael Gluk former) of ArthroCare were misusing their power and position. They only want earn money and they were ready to perform illegal activities for their profits. As it is given that Michael Baker and Michael Gluk were running a fraud scheme for the duration of 2005- 2009 and they placed unnecessary medical to represent the false financial statement. This is the major unethical activity conducted by the CEO and CFO of the firm. Moreover, the Utilitarianism theory of ethics makes me happier with the decision I made in Part 1. The main reason behind it is that this theory focuses on the greatest amount of pleasure to the people and this thing is essential for the overall development of an organization (MacKinnon and Fiala, 2014). On the other hand, I also come to know that financial statement represent the overall performance as well as efficiency of an organization in from of the existing as well as potential investors of the firm. But, in this case, the false financial stamen may have a big impact on the decision of the investors of the organizations. Along with this, I also come to know that shortcuts or unethical ways to earn profits are very harmful for the health of the organizations. They may provide profits for a short duration only but not able to exist in the long term. Apart from this, the Egoism theory of ethics makes me less happy with the decision I made in Part 1. It is because of this theory involves innocent people if an ethical dilemma occurs in the organization (Shafer-Landau, 2012). As in this case, we can see that, with the help of unethical business activities, the market price, stock price, and profitability of the firm increased very quickly. But, at last, these unethical activities become the major reason of the high losses of the business. In addition to this, with the help of this case, I also come to know that, in starting, the unethical activities are profitable for all the people those are involved. But, at last, these unethical activities become the reason of death for the people. Moreover, if I were in that same situation again then I would make the same decision again. It is because of punishment is essential if a person performs unethical activities to earn money. For case, due to the greedy nature, the CEO and CFO of the firm, the reputation and image of the firm dropped in a more rapid way. Also, they were obliged to pay a fine of $1 million that was more than the profits they earned. Moreover, they also got punishment by the Federal jury. The punishment of prison t may be very shameful for a person. For that reason, I am pleased with the decision of the jury in this case. References ArthroCare Corporation. (2009). History. Available At: https://www.arthrocare.com/about_us/au_history.htm Broad, C. D. (2014). Five types of ethical theory (2nd ed.). USA: Routledge. Calkins, L.B. and Ratcliffe, R.G. (2014). ArthroCare Ex-Chief Baker Gets 20-Year Term for Fraud. Available At: https://www.bloomberg.com/news/2014-08-29/arthrocare-ex-chief-baker-gets-20-year-term-for-fraud.html Dion, M. (2012). Are ethical theories relevant for ethical leadership?. Leadership Organization Development Journal, 33(1), 4-24. Dunn, W.N. (2015). Public Policy Analysis. NY: Routledge. Dwell, M. (2013). Bioethics: Methods, Theories, Domains. NY: Routledge. Goza, R. (2013). The Ethics of Record Destruction. Journal of Management, 14(6), 107. Hackett, S.C. (2009). The Rediscovery of the Highest Good: A Philosophical and Critical Ethic. Australia: Wipf and Stock Publishers. Ismail, T. H. (2012). Internal auditors' perception about their role in risk management audit in Egyptian banking sector. International Journal of Economics and Accounting, 3(2), 196-220. Knipe, P. J. and Bitter, M. E. (2011). The Central Florida Emphysema Foundation Audit: A Case Study of Personal and Professional Responsibility. Issues in Accounting Education, 26(2), 377-389. Lin, S., Pizzini, M., Vargus, M. and Bardhan, I. R. (2011). The role of the internal audit function in the disclosure of material weaknesses. The Accounting Review, 86(1), 287-323. MacKinnon, B. and Fiala, A. (2014). Ethics: Theory and Contemporary Issues. USA: Cengage Learning. McDonald, G. (2014). Business Ethics. Australia: Cambridge University Press. sterberg, J. (2012). Self and Others: A Study of Ethical Egoism. USA: Springer Science Business Media. Reidenbach, R. E. and Robin, D. P. (2013). Some Initial Steps Toward Improving the Measurement of Ethical Evaluations of Marketing Activities. In Citation Classics from the Journal of Business Ethics (pp. 315-328). Springer Netherlands. Reinstein, A. and Leibowitz, M. A. (2014). Examining How Auditing Text Books Cover the AICPAs Conceptual Frameworks for Ethics. Applied Economics and Finance, 1(2), 65-70. Shafer-Landau, R. (2012). Ethical Theory: An Anthology. UK: John Wiley Sons. Shaw, W.H. (2016). Utilitarianism and the Ethics of War. NY: Routledge. Smith, J.D. (2008). Normative Theory and Business Ethics. Australia: Rowman Littlefield Publishers. The Federal Bureau of Investigation. (2014). A Case of Corporate Greed: Executives Sentenced in $750 Million Fraud Scheme. Available At:https://www.fbi.gov/news/stories/2014/september/a-case-of-corporate-greed/a-case-of-corporate-greed
Tuesday, May 5, 2020
Death Penalty Herrera Vs Collins Essay The Supreme Court addressed the constitutionality of executing someone who claimed actual innocence in Herrera v. Collins (506 U.S. 390 (1993)). Although the Court left open the possibility that the Constitution bars the execution of someone who conclusively demonstrates that he or she is actually innocent, the Court noted that such cases would be very rare. The Court held that, in the absence of other constitutional violations, new evidence of innocence is no reason for federal courts to order a new trial. The Court also held that an innocent inmate could seek to prevent his execution through the clemency process, which, historically, has been the fail safe in our justice system. Herrera was not granted clemency, and was executed in 1993.. Since Herrera, concern regarding the possibility of executing the innocent has grown. Currently, more than 80 death row inmates have been released because of innocence since 1973. In November, 1998 Northwestern University held the first-ever Natio nal Conference on Wrongful Convictions and the Death Penalty, in Chicago, Illinois. The Conference, which drew nationwide attention, brought together 30 of these wrongfully convicted inmates who were exonerated and released from death row. Many of these cases were discovered not as the result of the justice system, but instead as the result of new scientific techniques, investigations by journalism students, and the work of volunteer attorneys. These resources are not available to the typical death row inmate. Public Support Support for the death penalty has fluctuated throughout the century. According to Gallup surveys, in 1936 61% of Americans favored the death penalty for persons convicted of murder. Support reached an all-time low of 42% in 1966. Throughout the 70s and 80s, the percentage of Americans in favor of the death penalty increased steadily, culminating in an 80% approval rating in 1994. Since 1994, support for the death penalty has again declined. Today, 66% of America ns support the death penalty in theory. However, public support for the death penalty drops to around 50 % when voters are offered the alternative of life without parole. (See also, DPICs report, Sentencing for Life: Americans Embrace Alternatives to the Death Penatly)Religion In the 1970s, the National Association of Evangelicals (NAE), representing more then 10 million conservative Christians and 47 denominations, and the Moral Majority, were among the Christian groups supporting the death penalty. NAEs successor, the Christian Coalition, also supports the death penalty. Today, Fundamentalist and Pentecostal churches as well as the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (Mormons) support the death penalty, typically on biblical grounds, specifically citing the Old Testament. (Bedau, 1997). Although traditionally also a supporter of capital punishment, the Roman Catholic Church now oppose the death penalty. In addition, most Protestant denominations, including Baptists, Episco palians, Lutherans, Methodists, Presbyterians, and the United Church of Christ, oppose the death penalty. During the 1960s, religious activists worked to abolish the death penalty, and continue to do so today. In recent years, and in the wake of a recent appeal by Pope John Paul II to end the death penalty, religious organizations around the nation have issued statements opposing the death penalty. Complete texts of many of these statements can be found at www.envisioning.org. WomenWomen have, historically, not been subject to the death penalty at the same rates as men. From the first woman executed in the U.S., Jane Champion, who was hanged in James City, Virginia in 1632, to the 1998 executions of Karla Faye Tucker in Texas and Judi Buenoano in Florida, women have constituted only 3% of U.S. executions. In fact, only four women have been executed in the post-Gregg era. In addition to Karla Faye Tucker and Judi Buenoano, Velma Barfield was executed in North Carolina in 1984 and Betty Lou Beets was executed in Texas in February, 2000. (OShea, 1999, with updates by DPIC)
Monday, April 13, 2020
The word literature is derived from the Latin term litera which means letter. It has been defined differently by various writers. Ã¢â¬ ¢Some loosely interpret literature as any printed matter written within a book, a magazine or a pamphlet. Others define literature as a faithful reproduction of manÃ¢â¬â¢s manifold experiences blended into one harmonious expression. Ã¢â¬ ¢Because literature deals with ideas, thoughts and emotions of man, literature can be said to be the story of man. ManÃ¢â¬â¢s loves, griefs, thoughts, dreams and aspirations coached in beautiful language is literature. Ã¢â¬ ¢For Webster, literature is anything that is printed, as long as it is related to the ideas and feelings of people, whether it is true, or just a product of oneÃ¢â¬â¢s imagination. Ã¢â¬ ¢In PANITIKING PILIPINO written by Atienza, Ramos, Salazar and Nazal, it says that Ã¢â¬Å"true literature is a piece of written work which is undying. It expresses the feelings and emotions of people in response to his everyday efforts to live, to be happy n his environment and, after struggles, to reach his Creator. We will write a custom essay sample on Hand Outs or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page B. Why We Need to Study Philippine Literature Ã¢â¬ ¢We study literature so that we can better appreciate our literary heritage. We cannot appreciate something that we do not understand. Through a study of our literature, we can trace the rich heritage of ideas handed down to us from our forefathers. Then we can understand ourselves better and take pride in being a Filipino. Ã¢â¬ ¢Like other races of the world, we need to understand that we have a great and noble tradition which can serve as the means to assimilate other cultures. Through such a study, we will realize our literary limitations conditioned by certain historical factors and we can take steps to overcome them. Ã¢â¬ ¢Above all, as Filipinos, who truly love and take pride in our own culture, we have to manifest our deep concern for our own literature and this we can do by studying the literature of our country. C. Time Frames of Philippine Literature in English 1. The Period of Re-orientation: 1898-1910 2. Period of Imitation: 1910-1925 3. Period of Self-Discovery: 1925-1941 4. Japanese Period: 1941-1945 5. The Rebirth of Freedom: 1946-1970 6. Period of Activism: 1970-1972 7. Period of the New Society: 1972-1981 8. Period of the Third Republic: 1981-1985 9. Contemporary Period: 1986 D. Literature and History Literature and history are closely interrelated. In discovering the history of a race, the feelings, aspirations, customs and traditions of a people are sure to be included . . . and these feelings, aspirations, customs and traditions that are written is literature. History can also be written and this too, is literature. Events that can be written down are part of true literature. Literature, therefore, is part of history. Literature and history, however, also have differences. Literature may be figments of the imagination or events devoid of truth that have been written down, while history is made up of events that really happened. E. The General Types of Literature PROSE Ã¢â¬â those written within the common flow of conversation in sentences and paragraphs. 1. Novel Ã¢â¬â a long narrative divided into chapters. The events are taken from true-to-life stories and a longer period of time. There are many characters involved. Example: Without Seeing the Dawn by Stevan Javellana. 2. Short Story Ã¢â¬â a narrative involving one or more characters, one plot and one single impression. Example: Dead Stars by Paz Marquez Benitez 3. Plays Ã¢â¬â presented on stage, is divided into acts having many scenes. Example: Cadaver by Alberto S. Florentino 4. Legends Ã¢â¬â fictitious narratives, usually about origins. Ex. The Bicol Legend by Pio Duran 5. Fables Ã¢â¬â also fictitious, deal with animals and inanimate objects who speak and act like people, and their purpose is to enlighten the minds of children to events that can mold their ways and attitudes. Example: The Monkey and the Turtle 6. Anecdotes Ã¢â¬â merely products of the writers imagination, and its main aim is to bring out lessons to the reader. It can be stories about animals or children. Ex. The Moth and the Lamp 7. Essay Ã¢â¬â expresses the viewpoints or opinions of the writer about a particular problem or event. 8. Biography Ã¢â¬â deals with the life of a person which maybe about himself, his autobiography or that of others. 9. News Ã¢â¬â report of everyday events in society, government, science and industry, and incidents, happening nationally or not. 10. Oration Ã¢â¬â formal treatment of a subject and is intended to be spoken in public. It appeals to the intellect, to the will or to the emotions of the audience. Narrative Poetry Ã¢â¬â this form describes events in life either real or imaginary. a. Epic Ã¢â¬â extended narrative about heroic exploits often under supernatural control. It may deal with heroes and gods. Example: Popular Biag ni Lam-ang Literary Ã¢â¬â Princess Urduja b. Metrical Tale Ã¢â¬â narrative written in verse classified as ballad or metrical romance. c. Ballad Ã¢â¬â of the narrative poems, considered the shortest and simplest 2. Lyric Poetry Ã¢â¬â originally refers to that kind of poetry meant to be sung to the accompaniment of lyre, but now it applies to any type of poetry that expresses emotions and feelings of the poet. . Folksongs (Awiting Bayan) Ã¢â¬â short songs intended to be sung. Atin Cu Pung Singsing b. Sonnets Ã¢â¬â lyric poems of 14 lines dealing with an emotion, a feeling, or an idea. c. Elegy expresses feelings of grief and melancholy, and whose theme is death. d. Ode Ã¢â¬â a poem of noble feeling, expressed with dignity, with no d efinite number of syllables or lines in a stanza. e. Psalms (Dalit) Ã¢â¬â songs praising God or the Virgin Mary, and containing a philosophy of life. f. Awit (songs) Ã¢â¬â these have measures of 12 syllables (do decasyllabic) and slowly sung to the accompaniment of a guitar or banduria. Ex. Florante at Laura by Francisco Balagtas g. Corridos Ã¢â¬â these have measures of eight syllables and recited to a martial beat. Ex. Ibong Adarna 3. Dramatic Poetry a. Comedy Ã¢â¬â this form is light and written with the purpose of amusing, and usually has a happy ending. b. Melodrama Ã¢â¬â used in musical plays with the opera. It arouses immediate and intense emotion and is usually sad but there is a happy ending for the principal character. c. Tragedy Ã¢â¬â involves the hero struggling mightily against dynamic forces; he meets death and ruin without success and satisfaction obtained by the protagonist in a comedy. . Farce Ã¢â¬â an exaggerated comedy. It seeks to arouse mirth by laughable lines; situations are too ridiculous to be true; the characters seem to be caricatures and the motive is undignified and absurd F. ELEMENTS OF THE STORY 1. Plot Ã¢â¬â the sequence of the actions and events in the story to convey a theme. Every story has a plot that can be sketched in a summary or outline. The plot is the skeleton or the blueprint of a story. The following terms explains what happens in a plot: ? Exposition Ã¢â¬â comes at the beginning of a story. The readers meet the character, learn about the setting, and see the beginning or the conflict or struggle. ?Rising Action (Complication) Ã¢â¬â the struggle grows stronger. ?Climax Ã¢â¬â the turning point in the story. ?Falling Action Ã¢â¬â events move toward the end of the story. ?Resolution (Denouement) Ã¢â¬â the story is brought to an end. Kinds of Plot ?Man in a Hole- oldest and most popular. ?Man on a Road ?Man in a Tub Devices in Plot ?Chronological Arrangement. It starts from beginning of events. ?Medias Res. This starts at the middle of the story. ?Flashback. Past events are shown to justify the conflict at present. ?Foreshadowing Ã¢â¬â the author presents insignificant events or details ? Stream of consciousness Ã¢â¬â a continuous and random flow of ideas feelings, sensation, association and perceptions as they register on the protagonistÃ¢â¬â¢s consciousness. 2. Point of View Ã¢â¬â refers to the angle of narration or from whose viewpoint the incidents of the story are told. ?First Person Point of View Ã¢â¬â the writer narrates the story using the pronoun Ã¢â¬Å"IÃ¢â¬ who may be the central character or a minor figure who either observes or participates in the action. Third Person Limited Point of View Ã¢â¬â the unidentified author refers to his characters in the third person but limits himself by telling only what can be seen heard inside the world of the story. It is otherwise called Ã¢â¬Å"camera-eye techniqueÃ¢â¬ as the narrator doesnÃ¢â¬â¢t reveal about what the characters think or feel. Third Person Central Point of View Ã¢â¬â the narrator refers to his characters in the third person but limits himself to narrating only what the central character thinks, feel, does, and what and whom the central character can observe. Omniscient Point of View Ã¢â¬â the narrator acts as if he knows everything that happens including the thoughts of the characters. 3. Setting Ã¢â¬â locale and period of which the events occur 4. Character Ã¢â¬â refers to the make-believe persons that are encountered in fiction. Kinds of characters: ?Protagonist Ã¢â¬â the admirable character who embodies certain human ideals. ?Antagonist Ã¢â¬â the character that provides some sort of contest or opposition for the protagonist. ?Static or flat Ã¢â¬â the characters which do not have flesh and blood qualities. Dynamic (full or round) Ã¢â¬â they live lives of sorrow and joy, sinking and swimming in the visible tides of life Ã¢â¬â very much like us. 5. Theme Ã¢â¬â the writerÃ¢â¬â ¢s message. It may be specifically stated in the story or it may be derived from the total effects of all the elements of a story. The author may make the theme explicit by means of exposition or conclusion. 6. Symbol Ã¢â¬â a word, phrase, scene or an episode that refers directly to one thing but suggests another thing as well.
Wednesday, March 11, 2020
101 Peer Review and Intros In-Text Citation Quick Write Who is your audience? Who are you trying to convince with your argument? Who has the power to implement your solution? In-Text Citation Also called parenthetical citations. One Author: (Ramos 1) Two Authors: (Smith and Ramos 2) Three or more Authors: (Ramos et al. 2) Elevator Pitch An elevator pitch is a brief, persuasive speech that you use to spark interest in what you are speaking or writing about. Imagine you have one minute to present yourself and your ideas to someone who can implement your solution or make a change. What would you say in that one minute elevator ride to convince this person that your ideas are worthy of attention. You have ten floors to make a compelling case. Take a few minutes to figure out how to make your proposal professional, succinct, and interesting. Then, write it down. Introductions Writing Effective Introductions Introductions are very important. The link above has some great examples and explanations for writing introductions. Much like an elevator pitch, an introduction has to make a good impression, grab your readerÃ¢â¬â¢s interest, and make them want to keep reading. Take the elevator pitch you just wrote and figure out how to work it into your introduction. The elevator pitch can work as the intro, or add to your intro, to make a case for reading the rest of the essay. Using Rhetoric Notes Ethos Research Unbiased Pathos Emotional Storytelling So What? Logos Logical History Facts Statistics Evidence Authority/Pros Background Include the Conversation Peer Review . Argument Ã¢â¬âÃ a reason or set of reasons given with the aim of persuading others that an action or idea is right or wrong. Remember, an argument uses reasons and evidence to persuade. Have you provided enough reasons and evidence to convince us of your position? Keep these things in mind. Peer edit the same way you revise your own work. Be specific in identifying problems or opportunities. Offer suggestions for improvement. Praise what is genuinely good in the paper. Check for: Is the writerÃ¢â¬â¢s tone appropriate? Who is the audience? Looking at the essay as a whole, what is the thesis or main idea? Is each paragraph adequately developed? Are there sufficient details and/orÃ supporting quotations? For the Proposal, make sure you: Define the problem Recognize an audience Create, explain, and justify a plan of action. Persuade readers of the problem and proposed solution. Sample Problem Measles Outbreak in Madagascar Quick Write What is your plan of action for revising your essay? 101 Peer Review and Intros In-Text Citation Quick Write Who is your audience? Who are you trying to convince with your argument? Who has the power to implement your solution? In-Text Citation Also called parenthetical citations. One Author: (Ramos 1) Two Authors: (Smith and Ramos 2) Three or more Authors: (Ramos et al. 2) Elevator Pitch An elevator pitch is a brief, persuasive speech that you use to spark interest in what you are speaking or writing about. Imagine you have one minute to present yourself and your ideas to someone who can implement your solution or make a change. What would you say in that one minute elevator ride to convince this person that your ideas are worthy of attention. You have ten floors to make a compelling case. Take a few minutes to figure out how to make your proposal professional, succinct, and interesting. Then, write it down. Introductions Introductions are very important. Much like an elevator pitch, an introduction has to make a good impression, grab your readerÃ¢â¬â¢s interest, and make them want to keep reading. Take the elevator pitch you just wrote and figure out how to work it into your introduction. The elevator pitch can work as the intro, or add to your intro, to make a case for reading the rest of the essay. Using Rhetoric Notes Ethos Research Unbiased Pathos Emotional Storytelling So What? Logos Logical History Facts Statistics Evidence Authority/Pros Background Include the Conversation Peer Review . Argument Ã¢â¬âÃ a reason or set of reasons given with the aim of persuading others that an action or idea is right or wrong. Remember, an argument uses reasons and evidence to persuade. Have you provided enough reasons and evidence to convince us of your position? Keep these things in mind. Peer edit the same way you revise your own work. Be specific in identifying problems or opportunities. Offer suggestions for improvement. Praise what is genuinely good in the paper. Check for: Is the writerÃ¢â¬â¢s tone appropriate? Who is the audience? Looking at the essay as a whole, what is the thesis or main idea? Is each paragraph adequately developed? Are there sufficient details and/orÃ supporting quotations? Quick Write What is your plan of action for revising your essay? Exam Review In small groups, come up with 3-4 lessons, readings, activities, etc. that helped you improve the most as a writer. Also, one reading that we should get rid of, if any. Questions to answer for exam review. What was the best lesson? What was the best reading? What was the hardest essay? What lesson helped you learn the most? What reading taught you something new? What was the worst lesson? What was the worst reading? What was the hardest reading? What was your favorite part of the class? What was your least favorite part of the class?
Monday, February 24, 2020
Critical event analysis - Essay Example Description of the Event What was the context surrounding the event? The incident I will write about took place during the first week of my placement at a local hospital and involved a patient known as Mr. Smith. Mr. Smith, who lived in an elderÃ¢â¬â¢s home nearby, had been rushed to the hospital when he started to experience breathing difficulties. Mr. Smith has in the past experienced a number of strokes that left him partially paralysed. He also has a lot of difficulty in swallowing and cannot speak clearly. At the care-giving home, Mr. Smith is dependent on his care-givers to perform personal duties such as bathing and eating. My mentor, a registered nurse who was given the responsibility of catering to Mr. SmithÃ¢â¬â¢s needs, asked me to accompany her to his ward. In the previous week, she had discussed various ways in which a nurse can feed an elderly patient with swallowing difficulties without harming him or her while ensuring that the patient consumes enough food. I was quite eager to start my placement duties and did not imagine that anything would faze me. I followed my mentor, who was carrying a large bowl of pureed carrots, down the quite corridor and into Mr. SmithÃ¢â¬â¢s room. There were many things that I had expected, but Mr. SmithÃ¢â¬â¢s visage was deeply alarming to me. What were the consequences of the actions taken for the patient and others involved? The patient started to cough loudly, with streams of what seemed to be phlegm issuing from his mouth and nose. At first, I was quite nauseated; and began to try and focus my attention on other things in the room. My mentor spoke sternly to Mr. Smith and informed him that he would eat the food brought to him even if he did not like it. There was not much struggle, but it was obvious that Mr. Smith was not happy about his meal. Reflection How were others feeling, what were the other perceptions involved? My mentor also appeared to be somewhat frustrated. She fed Mr. Smith calmly; but whe n he turned his face and made throaty noises, she put down the bowl and turned his face before feeding him. She did not speak, but I could sense her annoyance. My mentor was not saying anything to me during the episode of forced feeding- causing me to feel uncertain and somewhat flustered. Remaining calm even when operating under pressure is what contributes towards making good will decisions on how best to handle troubled or anxious patients (Chaloner 2007). I loudly observed to my mentor that Mr. Smith appeared to be coughing a lot possibly because of the forced feeding. Without looking up, my mentor mumbled that there was no other way to get food into Mr. SmithÃ¢â¬â¢s body and that coughing was a normal thing for him and should not worry me. Why did I and/ or others respond like they did? Critical reflection can help a student nurse to develop listening skills that will help him or her to become a better clinician (Dye 2006). My initial thoughts when my mentor began to feed Mr. Smith were of fear. I thought that I would be forced to watch him choke into unconsciousness; what with the way he was coughing. Also, I had not thought that I would be given responsibility for such an elderly patient. What values or beliefs were important and underpinned actions or ways of thinking by those involved in the event? I wanted to prove to my mentor that I could handle
Friday, February 7, 2020
Solar Thermal Energy - Essay Example The first component of a solar thermal system is the solar collector. This is usually installed on the rooftop. It represents the major component of the system. It is made up of specially coated tubing that absorbs the solar radiation and converts it into heat. There is a need to minimize thermal losses. This need is addressed by embedding the tubing in a heat-insulated container that is equipped with a transparent cover. Inside this tubing, a heat transfer fluid flows inside and circulates between the collector and the hot water tank. This water is normally a mixture of water and an anti-freeze that is ecologically safe. The key part of the solar collector is the absorber, which comprises of several narrow metal strips. Typically, absorbers are made of aluminum or copper. These are good conductors of heat. These absorbers are often black so as to enable a high degree of light absorption. In order to reduce the loss of heat energy through heat emission, efficient absorbers have selective surface coating which enables the conversion a substantial amount of solar radiation into heat. This also reduces heat emission. The degree of absorption that can be provided by usual coatings is about 90% (Solar-is-Future.com 1). Selective coatings can also be applied using galvanizing, and such coatings include black nickel, black chrome, and aluminum oxide with nickel. As such, there are different types of solar collectors which include flat-plate collectors, parabolic collectors, and evacuated-tube collectors.
Wednesday, January 29, 2020
An Outline of Performance Anxiety in Female Athletes Essay Have you ever felt an overwhelming feeling of fear or nervousness, prior to competing in an important event? Did it affect your ability to perform? If so, you may be familiar with performance anxiety. An athlete suffering from performance anxiety often will perceive competitive situations as threatening, which can result in feelings of apprehension, fearfulness and tension (Patel, Omar, Terry, 2010). Interestingly, studies have found the prevalence of sport-related performance anxiety to be much higher in female athletes than male athletes (Thatcher, Thatcher, Dorling, 2004, Patel et al, 2010). See more: essay apa format Thatcher (2004) found that while examining temporal patterning of anxiety and hormonal responses prior to competition, females exhibited an Ã¢â¬Å"increases in cognitive and somatic anxiety intensity levels.Ã¢â¬ These symptoms can often result in performance that is well below demonstrated abilities, injury, or avoidance of participation altogether. The goal of this report is to outline symptoms and effects of performance anxiety, discuss factors that influence the phenomenon, and recommend anxiety-management techniques for female athletes. Physical and Psychological Effects Athletes suffering from performance anxiety often exhibit cognitive, behavioural, and physiological signs and symptoms (Patel et al, 2010). Some of the main cognitive symptoms include; indecision, poor concentration, feelings of fear, and loss of self-esteem (Cox, 2007, p. 201). Behavioural signs and symptoms often consist of; demonstration of nervous habits, such as biting nails and fidgeting, withdrawal, aggressive or irritable behaviour, and perceived inability to compete. Physiological symptoms include; heightened blood pressure and heart rate, sweating, dry mouth, trembling, blushing and muscle tension (Patel et all, 2010). Hormonal changes can also play a role, as Thatcher (2004) found in his study, a decrease in adrenaline and nor adrenaline can be present in female athletes prior to competition. Factors and Influences Common factors that can contribute to performance anxiety include; fear of performance failure, negative social evaluation and/or physical harm, as well as disruption of a well learned routine (Cox, p.201, 2007). The effects of these factors can be further heightened in correlation with importance of an event, or the level of competition. These fears and feelings of anxiety may affect the athleteÃ¢â¬â¢s perception of their abilities and hinder their self-confidence, which can be detrimental to their performance. Patterns of perfectionism can also lead to sport-related anxiety, mainly involving setting exceptionally high performance standards of oneself (Cox, p.202, 2007). Setting high standards can often be beneficial to a performance, but athletes that succumb to unrealistic thoughts, that nothing but a perfect/ideal performance is good enough, are more likely to experience negative emotions and heightened levels of anxiety due to the discrepancy between ideal and current self/situation (Koivula, HassmÃ ©n, Fallby, 2001). Recommendations Management of performance and competitive anxiety can be challenging. The first strategy would be to consult with a clinical psychologist, who will often suggest a behavioural approach. These approaches have been found to be the optimal coping strategy for sport-related anxiety, specifically Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT) (Patel et al, 2010). CBT examines how attitudes, beliefs, opinions and behaviours are formed, how they affect success, and how changing them impacts on performance (Joseph, 2010, p.2). The aim of CBT is to target and address negative thoughts and behaviours that underline anxiety symptoms. This is done by enforcing cognitive restructuring such as positive self-talk, modifying negative self talk and challenging negative expectations, as well as implementing relaxation techniques, exposure methods and relapse prevention (Patel et al, 2010). Coaches can also play an influential role in the factors that affect the development of performance anxiety. Athletes who perceive their coaches as supportive of their efforts experience higher levels of sport enjoyment and lower anxiety. (Smith, Smoll, Cumming, 2007) Conclusion Performance anxiety can negatively affect an athleteÃ¢â¬â¢s state of mind, hindering their ability to successfully perform competitively, more commonly seen in female athletes. The physical and psychological effects can cause heightened stress in an athlete which can result in complete withdrawal from competition. Behavioural and cognitive interventions are used to teach the athlete coping skills and enforce relapse prevention plans, in hopes to rid the athlete of performance anxiety sign and symptoms.
Tuesday, January 21, 2020
Edwin S. Porter was both a film pioneer and director. He was a film pioneer because he made people come back to the theaters and start watching movies. His movies also were good because they told a story by editing the move. Being a director he made some of the greatest films in 1902 and 1903. In 1902 he directed The Life of an American Fireman and in 1903 The Great Train Robbery. With these two skills he was able to direct great films and use special camera shots not know of at that present time. Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Porter was born on April 21st 1870 in Connellsville, Pennsylvania. There was not really any information on his parents but they did his parents first named him Edward. Since he was pudgy people use to call him Betty. There was really no information on why they called him Betty but I am sure it meant something. In 1893 he joined United States Navy and changed his name. He changed his name to Edwin Stanton instead of Edward Stanton. He changed it after Abraham LincolnÃ¢â¬â¢s Secretary of War, Edwin M. Stanton before he went into the Navy. They did not go into any detail on why he did it but my guess is he did not like his name and changed it. In the resources that I found I could not find much information about the rest of his family. I could not even find any information on what he did in his early years. The earliest I could find was starting in 1893. Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã In 1895 he started to work for the Vitascope Marketing Company. He would use his talent of electrical engineering with the company. With Vitascope he was in the project of the first projected movie that was shown in New York. That date was April 23rd 1896. He used his skills in engineering at EdisonÃ¢â¬â¢s Manufacturing CompanyÃ¢â¬â¢s Laboratory. He let Edison for a while and went to Eden Musee Theatre in New York where he an operator. He was in charge of getting the films and projecting them onto the screen. His duties also were kind of illegal because he took a lot of films and edited them together to make fifteen-minute films. He would also take some of Melies films and put them into the show, since he like some of Melies work. The films would range from historical Wars and news films.
Monday, January 13, 2020
Amazon Amazon is one of the biggest and most famous online stores in the world. It is divided into several independent organizations like Amazon Europe, Amazon US and Amazon Japan. Amazon was founded in 1995 by Jeff Bezos. At the beginning it was just a platform for selling books at soon it became the worldÃ¢â¬â¢s biggest bookstore with up to 2,5 million different titles. Their strategy was clear and easy: hold modest inventories and rely on wholesalers. The wholesaler can fulfill the order quickly while Amazon employees pick and pack the order and ship it to the customer.In 1996 Amazon grew really quickly by expansion of their distribution center, increasing number of titles and software development. In 1998 they were not longer a bookshop any more but expanded their product lines to music and videos. However, they had to face tough competition, especially in 1998. So remain the leader of theonline stores Amazon decided to pursue a Ã¢â¬Å"get big fastÃ¢â¬ strategy to increase t heir revenue. Therefore they added new product lines and adapted its supply chain and distribution network.One big decision was also where they should locate their distribution center and how many they should build. Amazons pick was a distribution center in Nevada, Kansas and Dallas. Soon also three more centers were added to serve the Midwest and the Southeast. The next step was to choose which product types each of the distributions centers should carry. After that they had to make a decision regarding the equipment in the new distribution centers and the technology used in their warehouses.Finally, to maintain high levels of quality and productivity in its distribution centers, Amazon developed key metrics to measure worker performance, including number of items picked per hour, free replacement rate, inventory accuracy, number of hours from order confirmation to shipment, and cost per unit shipped. Performance information was routinely shared with individual workers. In 2000 the new Vice President of Operations Wilke started with teaching the staff to use a special method to reduce variations and defects.This approach was later also used to improve the inventory record accuracy. Moreover, Wilke hired staff to stimulate holiday season conditions and he made arrangements for additional storage capacity. On top of that Wilke also focused on inventory optimization in the fulfillment network. To have the products at the right time available will easily decrease Amazons inventory costs. There were several ideas to improve the inventory management: 1)Refine the software used to forecast customer demand )Establish buying rules to better allocate volumes among wholesalers 3)Integrate its supply management system with its own inventory, warehouse and transportation system 4)Implement buying rules to determine which supplier offers the best price and delivery options 5)Having Ã¢â¬Å"drop shipÃ¢â¬ orders which means that the product is directly shipped to the custo mer without going through an Amazon distribution center 6)Partner with other companies, with Amazon handling order fulfillment and the partner covers the costs for the inventoryThe last two points were just idea and never realized. Amazon entered Europe through the two countries Germany and the UK. To enter those markets Amazon acquired a leading online store in each country and the two sites were re- launched under the Amazon brand. In 2000 Amazon continued its expansion and entered France. They did not use the same strategy as in Germany and the UK, but build their site from scratch. However, there were several challenges to enter the European market. They had to be aware of the cultural differences in Europe.First, Amazon adapted their website always a little bit to the needs of the country; secondly, they needed to address the selling regulations in each country. Another very important point was the payment options. Because there were not many people in Europe using credit card they had to offer local paying possibilities. On top they recognized that it was impossible to replicate the US procurement strategy in Germany and France because of different supplier market factors. To implement these strategic choices Amazon in Germany, France and the UK were managed as independent Amazon subsidiaries.Each country has its own organizations and was headed by a country manager and every country has its own warehouse. Amazon also was evaluating opportunities to expand in other European countries. Amazon Europe needed to build up its infrastructure to support this ambitious vision. In June 2002, Tom Taylor was transferred from Seattle to London to address some of these issues. In the longer term, Taylor wondered which infrastructure would best support Amazon EuropeÃ¢â¬â¢s growth potential. AmazonÃ¢â¬â¢s decentralized fulfillment model seemed to offer opportunities for rationalization and cost savings.One option was to link all distributions centers. The other opt ion was to keep the three distribution centers. There were also different options about the inventory in these three centers. One could hold the inventory in all three centers or just in selected ones. Another question was regarding the location of the distribution centers. Solution First there was the option of only one distribution center in Europe. This strategy certainly has advantages with regard to lower overhead costs, simplified internal communication, and increased bargaining power due to higher allocation volumes.Considering only the difficulties already encountered in attempting to coordinate national postal carriers for a trustworthy delivery service to international customers, the option to centralize delivery from the UK to all European markets would be a step in the wrong direction. This was a clear difference to the US market; where there was only one postal service serving the entire nation. Express delivery would further complicate matters, as European markets vari ed with regard to provider and service, another problem not encountered in the US.Since delivery time and quality are crucial to success at Amazon, this restructuring option was quickly eliminated from the list of alternatives. The division of Europe into North/South or East/West sectors, to be served by two Distribution Centers, would likely reduce delivery times in many markets and eliminate some of the difficulties associated with the single DC alternative. Compared to the current structure, cost savings could be achieved and activities could be bundled according to regional demands or opportunities (i. e. egal or financial flexibility). This structure would emulate the solution realized in the initial growth period in the US, where a DC was located on each coast, however there would be similar problems as noted above with the coordination of national postal carriers. Another primary difference compared to the US market could be seen with regard to regional consumer preferences a nd tastes. While the US product selection was largely similar, and a common language was used throughout, product selection and language differs from country to country in Europe.Expectations with respect to delivery time, service, payment methods, etc. also vary greatly among European markets and do not compare to the credit card-friendly and on-line purchase-accustomed customers in the US. A two-DC solution may likely not be able to offer the flexibility needed to serve the individual European markets properly. Considering that the three European locations are fully-functional, another alternative would be to simply keep the existing facilities while reallocating services and processes according to cost and service factors.One obvious advantage would be recognized in not needing to relocate or build/acquire new infrastructure. Activities could be spread among the three locations, for example books, media and smaller items in France, Marketplace headquarters in the UK, and bulk or special order items in Germany. This would allow for specialization of services and a clear distinction of functions for management of operations in Europe. In contrast, all services could continue to be provided in all locations, with the addition of products and Marketplace activities in each of the three.Expansion into further markets may be allocated to one of the DC's according to geographic proximity or if applicable, according to financial or logistical aspects. Disadvantages include duplication of activities and infrastructure, increased demand for management and personnel, and the administration/coordination of multiple and varying IT systems (including the integration of manual and automated systems). Our team of analysts proposes a solution which integrates components from each of the aforementioned alternatives.Due to the fact that consumer preferences and expectations vary significantly among markets, and since delivery systems are also not consistent from country to co untry, each market should be served as locally as possible. This does not exclude the option of bundling some functions in specific locations; in fact this should be undertaken. Marketplace activities, for instance, shall be centralized in the UK, since this activity mainly is based on and requires IT functionality.The central functions Customer Service and Procurement also shall be allocated to the UK. With respect to the expansion of product lines, this should be done according to regional/international classification. Items which are non-country or language specific, such as CD's, electronics, hardware, etc. can be allocated and administered at a central European location; in this case France may be selected. Bulk items would be the responsibility of a continental-based facility as well, preferably Germany due to its central location.Any country or language-specific items, i. e. books, fashion apparel, home decor, etc. shall be administered in mini-DC's located within each market . This would assure the Ã¢â¬Å"local touchÃ¢â¬ required by customers, and would allow for more effective negotiations with local market suppliers. Newly added markets could first be served from the existing three, with the establishment of a mini-DC in the market as soon as the product volume, logistic opportunities and demands, as well as customer buying behaviors are sufficient to justify local investment.Without a doubt, the solution our group has provided leads to higher costs and increased complexity in a number of areas. However, the underlying principle was to devise a way to build the brand and company image in a similar way that was successful in the US market Ã¢â¬â serving the customer in a quick and simple way. At the same time, the bundling of core functions offers an opportunity to reduce costs and redundancy.
Sunday, January 5, 2020
The topic of my paper concerns how particular movies reflected the views and progress of the Civil Rights/Black Power movement of the 60s. The two films that are being examined are Guess WhoÃ¢â¬â¢s Coming to Dinner (1967) and Nothing But A Man (1964). Both films feature African-American characters as more than subservient supporting cast members such as maids, and servants. It reflects AmericaÃ¢â¬â¢s progressing social attitudes as a result of the Civil Rights and Black Power movements. Throughout this paper, I will argue that films like the aforementioned reflect AmericaÃ¢â¬â¢s changing social attitudes about race around this time and work to incorporate and expose the African-American experience into the American film industry in a positive manner. In order to further prove my point, I will analyze the presence of African-Americans in film prior to the 1960s, in conjunction with the lack of civil rights at the time. Prior to this era, roles for Black people were extremely lim ited, and often served as menial and demeaning roles. As the Civil Rights Movement picks up steam, I will examine how the film industry naturally started to adjust its color barriers to accommodate societyÃ¢â¬â¢s changing attitudes. Nothing But A Man was made in 1964, during the height of the Civil Rights Movement, by a white man, but the film seems to have a heightened sensitivity to the injustices in America at that time. Guess WhoÃ¢â¬â¢s Coming to Dinner is a highly regarded film made in 1967 that sheds light on aShow MoreRelatedBlack Power And The Civil Rights Movement1675 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesthe growth of Black Power was the most important factor in the weakening of the civil rights movement in the 1960s? Black power is a political slogan that was aimed to promote the ideas of the black racial group. 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